WHEREAS it is provided by Section 21 of Title 50 of the United States Code [11 F. C. A., tit. 50, § 21] as follows: "Whenever there is a declared war between the United States and any foreign nation or government, or any invasion or predatory incursion is perpetrated, attempted, or threatened against the territory of the United States by any foreign nation or government, and the President makes public proclamation of the event, all natives, citizens, denizens, or subjects of the hostile nation or government, being of the age of fourteen years and upward, who shall be within the United States and not actually naturalized, shall be liable to be apprehended, restrained, secured, and removed as alien enemies. The President is authorized in any such event, by his proclamation thereof, or other public act, to direct the conduct to be observed, on the part of the United States, toward the aliens who become so liable; the manner and degree of the restraint to which they shall be subject and in what cases, and upon what security their residence shall be permitted, and to provide for the removal of those who, not being permitted to reside within the United States, refuse or neglect to depart therefrom; and to establish any other regulations which are found necessary in the premises and for the public safety."
AND WHEREAS by sections 22, 23, and 24 of title 50 of the United States
Code [11 F. C. A., tit. 50, §§ 22 to 24] further provision is
made relative to alien enemies:
NOW, THEREFORE, I, FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, as PRESIDENT of the United
States and as Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States,
do hereby make public proclamation to all whom it may concern that an invasion
of predatory incursion is threatened upon the territory of the United States
CONDUCT TO BE OBSERVED BY ALIEN ENEMIES
And, acting under and by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution of the United States and the said sections of the United States Code, I do hereby further proclaim and direct that the conduct to be observed on the part of the United States toward all natives, citizens, denizens or subjects of Italy being of the age of fourteen years and upwards who shall be within the United States or within any territories in any way subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and not actually naturalized, who for the purpose of this Proclamation and under such sections of the United States Code are termed alien enemies, shall be as follows:
All alien enemies are enjoined to preserve the peace toward the United States and to refrain from crime against public safety, and from violating the laws of the United States and of the States and Territories thereof; and to refrain from actual hostility or giving information, aid or comfort to the enemies of the United States or interfering by word or deed with the defense of the United States or political processes and public opinions thereof; and to comply strictly with the regulations which are hereby or which may be from time to time promulgated by the President.
All alien enemies shall be liable to restraint, or to give security,
or to remove and depart from the United States in the manner prescribed
by sections 23 and 24 of title 50 of the United States Code, and as prescribed
in the regulations duly promulgated by the President.
DUTIES AND AUTHORITY OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL AND THE SECRETARY OF WAR
And, pursuant to the authority vested in me, I hereby charge the Attorney
General with the duty of executing all the regulations hereinafter prescribed
regarding the conduct of alien enemies within the continental limits of
the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and Alaska, and the
Secretary of War with the duty of executing the regulations which are hereinafter
prescribed and which may be hereafter adopted regarding the conduct of
alien enemies in the Canal Zone, the Hawaiian Islands and the Philippine
Islands. Each of them is specifically directed to cause the apprehension
of such alien enemies as in the judgment of each are subject to apprehension
or deportation under such regulations. In carrying out such regulations
within the continental United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and
Alaska, the Attorney General is authorized to utilize such agents, agencies,
officers and departments of the United States and of the several states,
territories, dependencies, municipalities thereof and of the District of
Columbia as he may select for the purpose. Similarly the Secretary of War
in carrying out such regulations in the Canal Zone, the Hawaiian Islands
and the Philippine Islands is authorized to use such agents, agencies,
officers and departments of the United States and of the territories, dependencies
and municipalities thereof as he may select for the purpose. All such agents,
agencies, officers and departments are hereby granted full authority for
all acts done by the them in the execution of such regulations when acting
by direction of the Attorney General or the Secretary of War, as the case
The regulations contained in Proclamation No. 2525 of December 7, 1941, relative to natives, citizens, denizens or subject of Japan are hereby incorporated in and made a part of this proclamation, and shall be applicable to alien enemies defined in this proclamation.
This proclamation and the regulations herein prescribed shall extend and apply to all land and water, continental or insular, in any way within the jurisdiction of the United States.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States of America to be affixed.
DONE at the City of Washington this 8th day of December, in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and forty-one, and of the Independence of the United States of America one hundred and sixty-sixth.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
Executive Order 9066
Prolcamation 2525 Aliens - Japanese
Proclamation 2526 Aliens - Germans