Black Lists developed by the United States of America
The information which follows result from a preliminary inquiry into the
events that led to the arrest, kidnapping, internment in the United States,
and deportation of Nicaraguans of German heritage during World War II.
This page is under construction and will be updated as additional facts
are forthcoming from the researchers who are presently looking into
"Today I did some spot checking, and it seems that it is common knowledge
here [Nicaragua] that persons of German Ancestry or persons with German
last names, their property was confiscated, and the owners jailed, deported
(without any due process), and jailed in the USA. (Everything is nicely
catalogued). Their property ended up in the hands of the Nicaraguan dictator
Somoza-Garcia. At that time, Nicaragua was in very bad condition economically,
the European Coffee Market had disappeared, and there were regular plagues
But something on a more substantive note, I checked the legislative
records [Nicaraguan] for 1941 and most of 1942--and found the following:
What I call the legal starting point (because it was being promoted by
the US Government since 1940) is a document called "The Convention on Provisional
Administration of Colonies and European Possessions in America" (act of
ratification) entering into law here by being published in the official
daily La Gaceta, No. 1, January 7, 1942. It was the result of the
Second Consultative Meeting in Havana, Cuba on 30 July 1940. It
was signed by 25 countries of Latin America and the US. It established
something called the "Interamerican Territorial Administration Commission."
The ratified document was deposited in the archives of the Pan-American
Union in Washington, DC. Providing for the administration of European Colonies
and Possessions in this hemisphere, this law provided the framework, a
guide, regarding a pattern of conduct or mindset for the rest of the laws
1. Decree No. 70, Gaceta No. 275, December 18, 1941, which froze
all funds of companies and individuals who were of Japanese, German or
Italian origin or descent who, and I quote, "ARE FOUND ON THE LIST PROCLAIMED
BY THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA."
The second example consists of three decrees:
2. Decree No. 71, Gaceta No. 275, December 18, 1941, which prohibited
international commerce with Japan, Germany and Italy or with their nationals.
3. Decree No. 72, Gaceta No. 275, December 18, 1941, which provides
"THAT COMPANIES OR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE FOUND ON THE LIST PROCLAIMED
BY THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" will deliver their harvests
to the National Bank of Nicaragua, their assets and property are frozen
and will be administered by the State, and the persons affected can not
be involved in exporting.
"COMPLEMENTS AND REGULATES" the three above-mentioned decrees and is found
at Gaceta No. 38, February 20, 1942: which basically took everything
away from Germans and Italians in Nicaragua, and placed their nationality
or migratory status in a state of limbo, and exposed them basically to
what is known as civil death. They would be arrested, jailed, and then
without any due process, equal protection, or any other known right emanating
from the Magna Carta or the Bill of Rights, or the Fundamental Freedoms
of Man, deported by being turned over to the US Military who transported
them to the US to imprisonment, to become hostages for prisoner exchanges.
Which brings us to the last and most all-encompassing law which:
And, on 9 December 1941, most all of the Constitutional Guarantees were
suspended due to the attack on Pearl Harbor and stayed suspended until
the end of the War.
All of these legislative (Nicaragua was ruled by a dictator put in place
by the US Government many years before) actions took place in the 73 day
period from December 9, 1941 to February 20, 1942.
So far, this legislative activity appears to have been a massive charade
because Nicaragua was not threatened by any Wartime Activity except that
coming from the USA which resulted in all of the above. There are many,
many people here who remember the whole show, what happened et cetera.
So, I am in the process of finding them. Let me know of anything else that
may help me in the matter, and I'll do likewise.
To be continued and modified as the information is developed.
September 10, 1998